10 Incredible Locations to Experience in Turkmenistan

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Introduction To Incredible Locations of Turkmenistan

Have you ever considered visiting Turkmenistan? This lesser-known Central Asian gem offers a blend of modern marvels and ancient wonders. Turkmenistan might not be the first place that comes to mind when you think of travel destinations, but it’s packed with incredible locations waiting to be explored. From surreal landscapes to historic cities, Turkmenistan is a treasure trove of unique experiences.

Are you looking for a travel destination that combines the allure of ancient history with breathtaking natural landscapes? Look no further than Turkmenistan. This Central Asian nation, often overlooked by mainstream tourism, boasts an array of remarkable sites that promise unforgettable experiences. From the surreal white marble city of Ashgabat to the natural wonders of Yangykala Canyon, Turkmenistan is a place of wonders waiting to be explored. Join us as we journey through the ten most incredible locations in Turkmenistan that will leave you in awe and inspire your wanderlust.


The White City

Ashgabat, the capital of Turkmenistan, is often referred to as the “White City” due to its abundance of white marble buildings. Walking through Ashgabat feels like stepping into a futuristic cityscape, with its clean, wide boulevards and meticulously maintained public spaces. The city holds the Guinness World Record for having the most white marble-clad buildings in the world.

National Museum of Turkmenistan

For a deep dive into the country’s rich history, the National Museum of Turkmenistan is a must-visit. It houses a vast collection of artifacts from various periods, offering insights into Turkmenistan’s past, from ancient times to the modern era. The exhibits include everything from ancient relics to contemporary art, providing a comprehensive look at the country’s cultural heritage.

Darvaza Gas Crater

The Gates of Hell

The Darvaza Gas Crater, famously known as the “Gates of Hell,” is one of Turkmenistan’s most iconic sites. This fiery crater has been burning continuously for over 50 years and is a mesmerizing sight, especially at night. The story goes that it was accidentally set alight by Soviet geologists in 1971 and has been burning ever since.

Nighttime Experience

Visiting the Darvaza Gas Crater at night is an unforgettable experience. The glow of the flames against the dark desert creates an eerie, otherworldly atmosphere. It’s a perfect spot for photography enthusiasts and those seeking a truly unique adventure.

Ancient Merv

UNESCO World Heritage Site

Ancient Merv is one of the oldest and most significant cities in Central Asia, earning its place as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This archaeological site offers a glimpse into a city that was once a major center of commerce and culture on the Silk Road.

Historical Significance

Walking through Ancient Merv, you’ll encounter remnants of grand structures, from mausoleums to ancient fortifications. The city’s rich history spans several empires and dynasties, making it a fascinating destination for history buffs and casual visitors alike.

Yangykala Canyon

Vibrant Landscapes

Yangykala Canyon is often compared to the Grand Canyon for its stunning, vibrant landscapes. The canyon’s walls are painted in hues of red, pink, and yellow, creating a breathtaking natural masterpiece. The dramatic cliffs and ridges provide an incredible backdrop for photos and offer a serene escape into nature.

Hiking Adventures

For those who love hiking, Yangykala Canyon presents numerous trails that wind through its stunning formations. Exploring these paths allows you to fully appreciate the canyon’s beauty and the unique geological features that define it.

Kow Ata Underground Lake

Natural Spa

The Kow Ata Underground Lake is a hidden gem located inside a cave. This subterranean lake is known for its warm, mineral-rich waters, making it a natural spa. The water temperature remains around 36 degrees Celsius year-round, perfect for a relaxing dip.

Swimming Experience

Swimming in Kow Ata feels like stepping into a natural wonder. The clear, warm waters are incredibly inviting, and the cave setting adds an element of adventure. It’s a unique experience that combines relaxation with a sense of discovery.


Historical Monuments

Kunya-Urgench, another UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a city rich in history and architectural wonders. It was once a major city on the Silk Road and features several important monuments, including mausoleums, minarets, and fortresses.

Architectural Marvels

Among the highlights are the Kutlug-Timur Minaret and the Mausoleum of Turabek-Khanum. These structures showcase the intricate Islamic architecture and the historical significance of Kunya-Urgench as a cultural and religious center.

Avaza National Tourist Zone

Caspian Sea Resort

Avaza is Turkmenistan’s premier seaside resort, located on the shores of the Caspian Sea. It’s a modern, purpose-built tourist zone designed to offer relaxation and luxury. The pristine beaches and clear waters make it an ideal spot for a coastal getaway.

Recreational Activities

Avaza offers a range of activities, from water sports to beachside lounging. There are also numerous hotels, restaurants, and entertainment options, making it a perfect destination for both relaxation and recreation.

Nokhur Village

Traditional Turkmen Culture

Nokhur Village, nestled in the Kopet Dag Mountains, offers a glimpse into traditional Turkmen culture. The village is known for its unique customs, traditional crafts, and the warm hospitality of its residents.

Unique Cemeteries

One of the most intriguing aspects of Nokhur is its cemeteries, where gravestones are adorned with the horns of mountain goats. This practice is believed to protect the spirits of the deceased and is a fascinating aspect of the village’s cultural heritage.

Karakum Desert

Camel Trekking

The Karakum Desert, which covers most of Turkmenistan, offers a quintessential desert experience. Camel trekking is a popular activity, allowing visitors to traverse the vast, sandy expanses in a traditional manner. It’s a great way to experience the beauty and tranquility of the desert.

Desert Camping

For a more immersive experience, consider camping in the Karakum Desert. The clear night skies, free from light pollution, are perfect for stargazing. Spending a night in the desert, surrounded by its serene silence, is an unforgettable experience.

Gypjak Mosque

Modern Architecture

The Gypjak Mosque, also known as the Turkmenbashi Ruhy Mosque, is one of the largest mosques in Central Asia. Its striking modern architecture, with white marble and gold accents, makes it a significant landmark.

Cultural Significance

Beyond its architectural beauty, the Gypjak Mosque holds great cultural and religious importance. It was built in memory of the first president of Turkmenistan, Saparmurat Niyazov, and serves as a symbol of the nation’s spiritual heritage.


Turkmenistan is a land of contrasts and surprises, offering everything from modern marvels to ancient ruins, and from vibrant cityscapes to serene natural landscapes. Whether you’re an adventure seeker, a history enthusiast, or someone looking for unique travel experiences, Turkmenistan has something to offer. So pack your bags and get ready to explore the incredible locations that make this country a hidden gem of Central Asia.

In a world filled with popular tourist destinations, Turkmenistan stands out as a unique and captivating choice for those seeking something different. Its blend of modern architecture, ancient history, and stunning natural landscapes offers a travel experience unlike any other. From the mysterious “Gates of Hell” at the Darvaza Gas Crater to the tranquil beauty of Nokhur Village, Turkmenistan’s top ten locations provide a rich and varied adventure. As you plan your next trip, consider the hidden treasures of Turkmenistan – a destination that promises to leave a lasting impression.

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